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The Xoloitzcuintli, also referred to as the Mexican Hairless Dog or simply Xolo, is a breed of robust dog that originated in Mexico. It belongs to the Non-Sporting group. Xoloitzcuintli have been bred to become hunting dogs as well as family companions. It is one of the oldest and rarest breeds; having been around for not less than 3,000 years. The breed comes in three types: toy, miniature, and standard variants. Xolos could either be coated or hairless, with the latter as being the more popular kind. Their skin is soft and smooth, though can be hardy enough to the outside elements. The breed comes in various colors such as black, slate, bronze, gray, red, brindle, fawn; whether solid or somewhat spotted.
Height and Weight
The male and female Xoloitzcuintli members of the Toy variant stand a height of 9 to 14 in at the withers, and weigh 5 to 15 lbs.
Miniature Xolos typically have a height of about 15 to 20 in at the withers, and a weight of 15 to 30 lbs.
Members of the Standard Xoloitzcuintli typically stand a height of 20 to 30 in at the withers, and weigh between 25 to 40 lbs. Some members of the line can more than 60 lbs.
Xoloitzcuintlis, in general, are alert, athletic dogs that tend to be loyal and very loving towards its family owners. Early socialization is recommended to help them bond well with children as well as keep them from becoming too reserved toward strangers. The breed is innately protective, and needs proper human leadership to remain manageable. Xolos respond well to house-training, and they learn really quickly. As a matter of fact, these intelligent hairless dogs excel at obedience and agility trials, therapy, and even in conformation. They bond well with people, and are commonly reputed as velcro dogs as they always stick around their masters. Additionally, Xoloitzcuintli have great survival skills that hardly ever tolerate abuse or any unstable environment. Because of the breed’s propensity to develop Small Dog Syndrome, handlers are expected to display firm yet gentle leadership approach over them.
Both the hairless and coated varieties of the Xoloitzcuintli breed are easy to groom. Hairless Xolos are prone to skin problems; making excessive bathing or use of too much lotion unnecessary. Bathe sessions and rubbing the breed with lotion shall only be done once a month. Use of sunscreen is highly recommended when these dogs are taken out for long periods of time. Coated Xolos, on the other hand, need to be brushed every week to minimize shedding. Occasional bathing may also be done with the use of mild dog shampoo. For those pets with white spots, use of sunscreen is also highly recommended.
Xoloitzcuintli are generally a very hardy and healthy breed. As a matter of fact, they have an average lifespan of 15 to 20 years. Owners, however, have to carefully watch out for possible skin problems.
Because of the breed’s size, they are usually recommended for apartment-living. Xoloitzcuintlis love to be with their family owners so leaving them outside for extended periods of time is not advisable. Young members of the Xolo breed need a great deal of exercise, attention, and discipline to keep them happy. The breed, however, calms down as they mature. Additionally, access to a safe yard is recommended.