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Cairn Terrier

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The Cairn Terrier is a well-liked breed of hardy, small dog that originated in Scotland. It belongs to the Terrier breed family which is popular for their distinctively lively and endearing personality. Cairn Terriers have been bred to become reliable hunting dogs. Their shaggy and weather-resistant double coat is hard outside and and soft underneath. Its colors usually include white, black, brindle, red, sand, and other shades of gray.

Height and Weight

The male members of the Cairn Terrier commonly stand a height of 10 to 13 in at the withers, and weigh 14 to 18 lbs. The bitches, on the other hand, have a height of 9 to 12 in and a weight of 13 to 17 lbs.

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Cairn Terriers, in general, are funny, hardy, little pets which are cheerful, friendly, and lovable. They are alert, curious, and they love to play with children. They like to dig and chase small moving animals. The breed is known to be brave, independent and quick to learn. They can be taught to perform tricks, and they are capable of adapting well to new environments. To keep them from becoming destructive, Cairn Terriers have to be trained by a leader who can be firm but gentle with discipline.


Cairn Terriers are generally easy to groom. They are light shedders, and they only need to be brushed at least twice a week. Rubbing their fur using a damp cloth instead of giving them a full bath is highly recommended. Stripping or clipping can be done only when needed. Nonetheless, checking their eye, nail, and teeth shall be done regularly.

Health Concerns

Some of the common health problems identified to plague the breed include weight gain, skin allergies, epilepsy, cataracts, and joint pains. Nevertheless, with proper diet and exercise, they can live for as long as 13 to 16 years.

Best Environment

Members of the Cairn Terrier breed are well-suited for indoor living. Providing them with a secure, fenced yard to play and romp around is advisable. The breed can thrive in living in an apartment as long as they get to receive sufficient exercise. To make Cairn Terriers happy, owners are encouraged to take them for a walk every day, and let them do some physical games. Also, because the breed likes to chase, destructively dig, and bark, they have to be constantly leashed when brought in an open area.

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