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The English Cocker Spaniel is a breed of medium-sized, compact dog that originated in England. It belongs to the sporting breed family which is remarkable for their amiable nature and being well-rounded escorts. English Cocker Spaniels have been bred to become reliable hunting dogs and engaging family companions. Their short, fine coat is moderate in length, and has feathering on the chest, ears, legs, and abdomen. Coat colors usually include solid black, red, liver, or a parti-color pattern of white, black, and red.
Height and Weight
The male members of the English Cocker Spaniel normally stand a height of 15 to 17 in at the withers, and weigh about 28 to 34 lbs. Bitches, on the other hand, are a bit smaller with a height of 14 to 16 in, and a weight of 26 to 32 lbs.
English Cocker Spaniels, in general, are sturdy, robust dogs that are playful, lively, and intelligent. They are known to be gentle, pleasant, and affectionate. The breed is also lovable, and excellent with children. They are average barkers, and tend to be willing to listen to their masters. English Cocker Spaniels are superior companion pets that are typically outgoing. They relate fairly with strangers, though may become rather reserves with inadequate socialization. The breed needs a handler who can demonstrate a natural air of authority over them. Owners have to be firm yet gentle, at the same time confident and consistent in their leadership approach. Otherwise, the dogs will develop behavior problems.
English Cocker Spaniels are quite demanding when it comes to the grooming department. Their silky coat needs to be brushed every other day. Hair-clipping may also be done every other month. Trimming the hair around their head, legs, and tail are also recommended. Additionally, owners are advised to clean the pet’s hair on a daily basis.
Some of the most common health problems known to plague the breed include eye defects, deafness, chronic heart disorders, and kidney troubles. English Cocker Spaniels, however, have an average life expectancy of 12 to 14 years.
Members of the English Cocker Spaniel are rarely suited for apartment living. They need a minimum of a medium-sized yard that gives them opportunities to romp about. Because of their desire for human companionship, the breed has to sleep indoors together with the family. Taking them out for daily walks is recommended to keep them happy.