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English Toy Spaniel

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The English Toy Spaniel, also called as the King Charles Spaniel, is a breed of small, square-shaped dog that originated in Japan. It belongs to the toy breed family which is adored for their diminutive size and charming expression. English Toy Spaniels have been bred to become engaging family companions. Their long, slightly wavy coat has feathering on the chest, ears, legs, and feet. Coat colors usually include Blenheim (white coupled with red markings), King Charles (combination of black and tan), Prince Charles (tricolor pattern of white and black with tan markings), and Ruby or rich mahogany red.

Height and Weight

Both the male and female members of the English Toy Spaniel breed normally stand a height of 10 in at the withers, and weigh between 9 to 12 lbs.

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English Toy Spaniels, in general, are well-behaved, happy, and playful little dogs. They are gentle, and intelligent pets that are known to be loving and sweet toward their family owners. The breed tends to be quiet and rather laid back when treated gently yet firmly. English Toy Spaniels relate well with both children and adults, and are friendly with other canine pets. They are average barkers, and will do fine as watchdogs. The breed is exclusively a companion dog that requires consistent yet loving leadership approach. Because these little fellows have the propensity to develop Small Dog Sydrome, handlers have to communicate with them properly. Otherwise, they will display several behavior problems such as willfulness, obsessive barking, and excessive timidity.


English Toy Spaniels are not demanding when it comes to coat care. Brushing their coat on a regular basis will suffice and trimming is not a requirement. The breed is an average shedder.

Health Concerns

Some of the common health issues linked with the English Toy Spaniel breed include mitral valve disease, respiratory problems, luxating patella, ear infections, and eye defects. With proper care, nutrition, and exercise, the breed can live for as long as 10 to 12 years.

Best Environment

Members of the English Toy Spaniel breed are suited for apartment-living. Although they are not incredibly active, they still require some exercise every day. Access to a small yard will make these little fellows happy. Nonetheless, the breed rarely thrives in extreme temperatures. Because of their shortened nose, handlers are advised to look after them especially during hot and humid weather conditions.

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  1. Avatar Of Monica Wilson

    Monica Wilson


    Hello! I just found your website today and I am a HUGE fan of Cavalier King Charles Spaniels. I wanted to let you know that the photos you have displayed on your English Toy Spaniel page are actually Cavalier King Charles Spaniels. Can you please correct this error? Thanks!

    • Avatar Of D Fitz

      D Fitz


      I noticed the same as Monica Wilson. The dog you have pictured on the English Toy Spaniel page is incorrect. You have pictured a Cavalier King Charles which is a different breed. I would be happy to provide you with a photo of an English Toy Spaniel if you would like. ETS are smaller and have a completely flat face, lower ears, and domed head. When I find a large piece of info that is incorrect (ie the photo) it makes me question the rest of the info.

      As for temperament, two of my ETS are registered therapy dogs. One of those two enjoys agility … quite diverse activities. My 3rd was an adult rescue and prefers to stay home and snuggle. I find the breed to be quiet, easy going, smart, loyal, and they have been easy to train (although I do take classes from a great local trainer).

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