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The Papillon, also known as Pap or the Butterfly Dog, is a trendy breed of tiny dog that originated in France. It belongs to the Toy family which is adored for their cute size and sweet expression. Just like any lapdog, Paps also represent sheer charm. They are generally bred to become endearing companions. Their straight single coat is long and fine-textured with extra frills on their ears, chest, tail, and back of the legs. Coat colors usually come in white shades with patches of any color aside from liver.

Height and Weight

Both the male and female members of the Papillon breed normally stand a height of about 8 to 11 in. Their weight, however, slightly vary as the dogs weigh about 8 to 10 lbs and bitches weigh approximately 7 to 9 lbs.



Paps, in general, are gentle and friendly. They are known to be affectionate and they like to cuddle. The breed, however, is not usually good around children. Paps are described to be playful and to love the outdoors. They are lively, amusing, and intelligent. In fact, they can be trained to do small tricks. Paps are also found out to be patient and proud. The breed is stable-minded, obedient, and definitely not a yapper. If not socialized properly, they might have difficulties relating with cats. Behavior problems such as separation anxiety, growling, and biting can develop if not led by a firm but calm owner.


Papillons are easy to groom. Nevertheless, regular brushing is advisable to keep the Pap’s coat in good condition. To be exact, the breed has to be brushed a couple of times a week. Occasional clipping and fresh showers are also recommended to free their feathery coat from matting and tangling. The breed is a medium shedder.

Health Concerns

Members of the Papillon breed generally live longer than other dogs.  As a matter of fact, they have an average lifespan of 12 to 18 years. Nonetheless, like any other canine, Paps are also prone to a few health issues. Some of these include Progressive Retinal Atrophy, epilepsy, anemia, and luxating patella.

Best Environment

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Whether or not the place is a townhouse or an apartment, Papillons make fine household companions. Because the breed is very delicate, owners have to ensure that housemates are gentle and responsible enough to keep the pooch away from any accidental dropping, sitting, or squeezing. In addition, a securely fenced yard is necessary for this little fellow. Paps have some chasing instincts which make them prone to easily get lost. The breed is also intolerable with cold so owners have to keep them well-supervised when taken outdoors.

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